Zinc Oxide Nanoparticles

ZINC OXIDE (ZnO) NANOPARTICLES Nanotechnology research has gained momentum in the recent years by providing innovative solutions in the field of biomedical, materials science, optics and electronics. Nanoparticles are essentially a varied form of basic elements derived by altering atomic and molecular properties of elements. This article elaborates on the properties and applications of zinc oxide nanoparticles. Zinc oxide (ZnO) nanopowders are available as powders and dispersions. These nanoparticles exhibit antibacterial, anti-corrosive, antifungal and UV filtering properties. Zinc is a Block D, Period 4 element while Oxygen is a Block P, Period 2 element. Some of the synonyms of zinc oxide nanoparticles are oxydatum, zinci oxicum, permanent white, ketozinc and oxozinc. Zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles have their own importance due […]

Titanium Dioxide Nanoparticles

Titanium Dioxide Nanoparticles Titanium Dioxide Nanoparticles: Nanoparticles research presents wide scope for the development of novel solutions in the field of healthcare, cosmetics, optics and electronics. Altering their molecular and atomic states results in unexpected outcomes, which may not be possible by using the materials in their original states. This article deals with the properties and applications of titanium oxide nanoparticles. TiO2 is available in the form of nanocrystals or nanodots having a high surface area. They exhibit magnetic properties. Titanium belongs to Block D, Period 4 while oxygen belongs to Block P, Period 2 of the periodic table. Titanium oxide is also known as flamenco, rutile, titanium dioxide and dioxotitanium. Titanium Dioxide nanoparticles are known for their ability to […]

Titanium Nitride Nanoparticles Application

Titanium Nitride Nanoparticles Application Titanium Nitride Nanoparticles Application: Nanoparticles research has become an area of interest to scientists due to the unexpected results produced by altering the atomic and molecular properties of elements. This article deals with the properties and applications of titanium nitride nanoparticles. Titanium nitride (TiN) is available in coated, dispersed and ultra high purity forms. Their high hardness, high temperature chemical stability, high melting point, infrared absorption and UV shielding find a number of useful applications. Titanium belongs to Block D, Period 4 while nitrogen belongs to Block P, Period 2 of the periodic table. Some of the alternate names of titanium nitride are tinite, nitridotitanium and azanylidynetitanium. It is important to maintain dryness while storing these […]

Titanium Carbide Nanoparticle

TITANIUM CARBIDE NANOPARTICLE (TiC) Titanium Carbide Nanoparticle: Scientific research on nanoparticles has discovered the most unexpected behavior of elements by altering their atomic and molecular states. These unexpected properties have found a variety of applications in fields such as biomedicine, pharmaceuticals, electronics and optics etc. This article deals with the properties and applications of titanium carbide nanoparticles. Titanium carbide, (TiC) is an extremely hard (Mohs 9-9.5) refractory ceramic material, similar to tungsten carbide. It has the appearance of black powder with the sodium chloride (face-centered cubic) crystal structure. It occurs in nature as a form of the very rare mineral khamrabaevite. Titanium carbide is used in preparation of cermets, which are frequently used to machine steel materials at high cutting […]

Tin Selenide

TIN SELENIDE Tin Selenide: Extensive attention has been paid in search of new semiconducting materials for efficient solar energy conversion. Metal chalcogenides offer a wide range of optical band gaps suitable for various optical and optoelectronic applications. Tin Selenide: also known as stannous selenide, is an inorganic compound with the formula (SnSe), where Tin has a +2 oxidation state. Tin (II) selenide is a narrow band-gap (IV-VI) semiconductor and has received considerable interest for applications including low-cost photovoltaics and memory-switching devices. Tin (II) selenide is a typical layered metal chalcogenide; that is, it includes a Group 16 anion (Se2−) and an electropositive element (Sn2+), and it is arranged in a layered structure. Tin (II) selenide exhibits low thermal conductivity as […]

Silicon Wafers Application

Silicon Wafers Application Silicon Wafers Application: Silicon is the second most common element on Earth and it is the seventh-most common element in the entire universe. It is the most common semi conductor and the most widely used in the electronic and technology sector. There are different silicon fabrication methods including the horizontal gradient freeze method, the horizontal Bridgeman method, the vertical Bridgeman method, the vertical gradient freeze and finally the Czochralski pulling method. During the growth process to obtain the derived purity, different intentional dopants are added. These introduced impurities can change the electrical properties of the silicon, which can be useful depending on what the silicon is ultimately being produced for. Boron, aluminum, nitrogen, gallium and indium are […]

Silicon Carbide Powder Application

Silicon Carbide Powder Application Silicon Carbide Powder Application: Silicon Carbide is the only chemical compound of carbon and silicon. It was originally produced by a high temperature electro-chemical reaction of sand and carbon. Silicon carbide is an excellent abrasive and has been produced and made into grinding wheels and other abrasive products for over one hundred years. Today the material has been developed into a high quality technical grade ceramic with very good mechanical properties. It is used in abrasives, refractories, ceramics, and numerous high-performance applications. The material can also be made an electrical conductor and has applications in resistance heating, flame igniters and electronic components. Structural and wear applications are constantly developing. Silicon carbide is composed of tetrahedral (structure) […]

Platinum Nanopowder

PLATINUM NANOPOWDER Platinum Nanopowder: Nanoparticles are significant scientific tools that are being explored in various technological and pharmacological fields. They are a link between larger materials and molecular or atomic structures. They are unique because of their large surface area. Platinum is one of the rarest and most expensive metals. It has high corrosion resistance and numerous catalytic applications including automotive catalytic converters and petrochemical cracking catalysts. Platinum nanoparticles are usually used in the form of colloid or suspension in a fluid. They are the subject of extensive research due to their antioxidant properties. Platinum Nanopowder: Metal nanoparticles (MNPs), in particular, platinum nanoparticles (PtNps) can possess a wide range of properties that can be used for many practical applications. Nanostructured […]

Gold Tin Solder Paste

Gold Tin Solder Paste Application Gold Tin Solder Paste Application: Soldering is an important technique in the assembly of electronic products. To make a sound solder joint, the choice of solder materials is very important. Solder ability, melting point, strength, Young’s modulus, thermal expansion coefficient, thermal fatigue, creep properties and creep resistance will affect the quality of a solder joint. Solders are generally described as fusible alloys with liquidus temperature below 400° C (750°F). The elements commonly used in solder alloys are tin (Sn), lead (Pb), silver (Ag), bismuth (Bi), indium (In), antimony (Sb) and cadmium (Cd). In addition to tin-lead alloys, binary solder alloys include tin-silver, tin-antimony, tin-indium, tin-bismuth, lead-indium and lead-bismuth. Ternary alloys include tin-lead-silver, tin-lead-bismuth and tin-lead-indium. […]

Functionalized Multiwalled Carbon Nanotubes

Functionalized Multiwalled Carbon Nanotubes Functionalized Multiwalled Carbon Nanotubes (MWCNTs) are made of many graphene layers and the diameter can be up to 100 nm. Two main models describe MWCNTs: (i) the Russian doll model or coaxial cylindrically curved model in which many graphene layers are rolled up and arranged in a cylindrical fashion, and (ii) the parchment model in which a single graphene layer is scrolled as a parchment (Figure 5a and c respectively). A further evolution of the coaxial cylindrically curved model is the coaxial cylindrically poligonized. The electronic structure of a MWCNT is considered as the sum of the electronic structures of the constituent nanotubes. Thereby, we state that in the limit of the large nanotube diameter, all […]